Posted on April 28, by martystravels Just months after William the Conqueror successfully invaded southeastern England from Normandy, he began to build a church in Canterbury. These Normans were planning to stay. Some ten centuries later, I spent the morning in the cathedral that grew from this beginning. Hundreds of stained glass windows, miles of delicate vaulting, tombs of notables—all housed within a structure impossibly high and somehow, though built in a dozen different styles, balanced artistically. Canterbury was in a perfect location—temperate by blustery English standards, and several miles upstream on a river that went to the sea. So successive generations of monarchs expanded it.
Its history is interleaved with that of nearby Falkland Palace with present-day castle construction dating to The castle and magnificent Scottish garden are now operated as a private conference centre with lodging. Name derivation and early history Its history is intertwined with the nearby Falkland Palace, since Myres was the heritary home of the Macers , or Sergeants of Arms , of Falkland.
Built on the location where a medieval castle once stood, the fort was to become the Order’s headquarters when they settled in Malta in Being the heart of command during the Great Siege of Malta of , the Fort was used by successive rulers and modified during different periods of use.
Wartburg, monk and nun, drawing by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Students marching to the Wartburg in Wartburg c. Together with its larger sister castle Neuenburg in the present-day town of Freyburg, the Wartburg secured the extreme borders of his traditional territories. The count remained a fierce opponent of the Salian rulers, and upon the extinction of the line, his son Louis I was elevated to the rank of a Landgrave in Thuringia by the new German king Lothair of Supplinburg in From to , the Wartburg was one of the most important princes’ courts in the German Reich.
Hermann I supported poets like Walther von der Vogelweide and Wolfram von Eschenbach who wrote part of his Parzival here in At the age of four, St. From to , she lived in the castle and was renowned for her charitable work. In , Elisabeth married Ludwig. Elisabeth died there in at the age of 24 and was canonized as a saint of the Roman Catholic Church just five years after her death.
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William received the submission of the Anglo-Saxons at Berkhamsted and decided to build a fortress there in order to protect the road from London to the Midlands. The early castle would have existed of an earthen motte which was raised up to about 12 metre high and a bailey which was metres by 91 metres across. Double banks and ditches ran around the exterior of the castle.
A deer park surrounded the castle. It would later be confiscated by Henry I after William rebelled against Henry. In , Henry granted the castle to his chancellor, Ranulf. The castle at Berkhamsted would remain in the ownership of the of the crown until , when Henry II gave it to his chancellor, Thomas Becket. A shell keep was built on the motte, a large curtain wall with gatehouse which you can still see the rubble interior of to this day was added to protect the castle, and the bailey was divided in two, on the orders of Thomas.
In Thomas fell from favour with the king in a row over the primacy of the crown over the church. The castle was subsequently confiscated by the king. In , conflict between the king and his barons began to seem more likely. John appointed a German called Waleran to review and strengthen the defences at Berkhampsted. Later in the First Barons War broke out.
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Adrian Bridge Prince Albert looked on approvingly at the clear signs of industry and social intercourse going on all around him. Farmers and bakers, sausage sellers and florists were setting out their stalls against a backdrop of colourful gabled buildings, while early birds were eyeing up the wares and exchanging cheery greetings in the thick dialect that masquerades as German in this far-flung outpost of northern Bavaria. The statue of Prince Albert occupies centre stage in Coburg, the town in which he was born and raised before his marriage to Queen Victoria propelled him on to a bigger stage.
A detail on the statue testifies to that wider role: On Tuesday, when the Queen arrives in Germany on her royal visit, she will be all too aware of this connection. Queen Victoria herself was besotted with Coburg though it is conceivable that this had something to do with the Coburger who had swept her off her feet.
Pictures from the Past: Joigny, France John E. Rybolt C.M., Ph.D. DePaul University, castle, was probably located on the site of a former monastery chapel dating The church was dedicated on 28 May but was ruined by the great fire of It was then rebuilt, and its magnificent barrel vault ceiling dates from between
He had inherited the succession derived from Maelgwn Gwynedd from his grandmother. In time raids were tempered by trading and alliances were formed with the Vikings of Dublin and the Isle of Man. Maelgwn was King of Gwynedd and probably had his seat here. King Edgar gave permission to Gotffrid’s men to abide in Anglesey and united themselves into one tyranny with the men of Edwin. They never departed, nor ever after that could treachery be eradicated from the island.
It stood on the left of the Lleiniog stream, about two miles south west of Penmon where the stream enters the Menai Straits. A low mound, situated on the north side of the mouth of the stream, may have been the site of an outwork intended to guard the landing. During the fierce battle one of Magnus’ bowmen shot Hugh of Shrewsbury in the eye, whereupon Magnus, seeing him in his death agony, cried “Liet loup!
A punishment merited for the cruelties committed by him on the poor inhabitants. Cae Grogi, or Marian Crogwydd, a field situated about three quarters of a mile westward from Penmon Priory, is believed to be the site of the executions, and two holes sunk in the limestone rock, still visible until recently, were the slots made to hold the gallows. When discord arises among them, all their provisions are devoured and infected by a species of small mice, with which the island abounds, but when the discord ceases, they are no longer molested.
Cadwaladr was defeated and peace was declared by the brothers. It was originally shared between the crown and the town. The site is now marked by the large private house of “Friars”, situated near the shore.
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History[ edit ] Veste Coburg Ehrenburg Palace , rebuilt after a catastrophic fire in , received its Gothic revival exterior in the 19th century Coburg was first mentioned in a monastic document dated , which marked the transfer of ownership to the Archbishop-Elector of Cologne , : The origin of the name Coburg is unclear; the first element may be kuh, which would give a literal meaning of “cow borough”.
Its oldest remains date to the 12th or 13th century. In , the castle came into possession of the House of Henneberg and in it passed to the House of Wettin :
A label on the verso in an old hand (perhaps dating to – 50) read in translation, “Hans Holbein made me, John Norris gave me, Edward Banister owns me.” John Norris (Norreys, Norice), who first owned the panel, was believed to be a gentleman-usher to Henry VIII.
But this place they call Launcells was never really a village in the true sense of the word but more a grouped parish made up of four hamlets, including Prestacott, Grimscott, Butspur Cross and Hersham and scattered between them both small and great houses and prosperous farms. However, it once sported both Almshouses and a National school at one time but was too widespread to become just one unit and remains, though conjoined, separated by its own quite widespread geography.
The great Manor of Launcells, rebuilt in George’s time as a home also served as a vicarage to St Swithin’s for centuries. Latterly this fine building was renamed Launcells Barton, so many people served its farms and offices and other imposing properties of the area and indeed the church itself. But its one of the few places that does not have a traditional English pub within at least stumbling distance of a church.
It pays testimony to the hearts and minds of Launcells men in the days of Cromwell. It is in fact part of a copy of the the text from a letter from King Charles I, dated , in which he thanks his Cornish subjects for their loyal support and sacrifice in their struggle against the Roundheads. R “We are fo highly fenfible of the Extraordinary merits of our County of Cornwall, of their zeal for our Crown, in a time when we could Contribute fo little to our own defence, or to their affiftance.
Given at our camp at Sudly Caftle September the 10th Every church in ‘loyal’ Cornwall had and still has the right to display a copy of this letter and many still do, including St Swithins at Launcells, with a proudly framed and well displayed reminder of its not so distant past hanging on the wall of the church adjacent to the organ. Cornishmen are both devoted and proud men, so after Charles II’s Restoration, examples of this letter were often painted on boards and like St Swithins variant, directly onto the plastered church walls, occupying prominent places in many Cornish churches.
No different then was this great Cornish convention at Launcells. Launcells men in support of the Royalists – Battle of Stratton n the beginning of March , near men like those above would have gathered at St Swithin’s church at Launcells to listen to their vicar William Thomas Warmington.
Tranquair House, Scottish Borders
Westwoods Bothwell Parish Information specific to this area can be found below and on the left menu bar. We also recommend consulting the many general pages for information of general relevance to miners’ lives. Bellshill The name Bellshill is thought originate from the farm at Belziehill, occupied by a Mr Bell. With the growth of the coal and iron industry the population rapidly increased from in to in and 17, by Coal was mined in the New Stevenston area as early as the first quarter of the 17th century.
By the ‘s deep lying seams in the Bellshill Bothwell and Uddingston areas were being mined and the area rapidly expanded.
After a fire that destroyed the city in , the governor of Moravia brought in Italian architects and master builders to rebuild the town and its castle. The main square is surrounded by colorful arcaded houses and leads to the magnificent renaissance chateau.
Once you are out of Edinburgh and onto the by-pass to the West of the town, take the A90 to the Forth Road bridge and the North. There’s a toll to pay before going across the Firth of Forth on the bridge 40 pence in The road is fast motorway M90 all the way to Perth. From the road bridge to the East you can see the Rail Bridge which was built to and still going strong. There was a memorable scene in the black and white film version of John Buchan’s 39 Steps which took place on this bridge.
Loch Leven is visible form the road. On an island in this loch stands 14th century Loch Leven Castle which is where Mary Queen of Scots was held captive between and It is accessible from Kinross the small town on the edge of the loch. Migrating wildfowl stop here during winter, with duck nesting in the summer. The “Fair City” of Perth is reached by turning off the M It’s always a pleasure to visit Perth; it has a lovely setting on the banks of the River Tay.
Once Scotland’s capital city it has an air of refined prosperity.
Dine at a castle
Its walls are almost 4 meters thick! The bridge between the two fortified walls The Honor Court The de Roquefeuil family coat of arms The Thirteen Century Tower The Castle “restroom” The baking oven of the fortress Laurence of Arabia described it in “Its so perfect it seems ridiculous to call it a ruin”. The castle was initially built in the 13th century but extensively overhauled in the 15th, 16th and 18th century.
It is a live representation of the evolution of the defense architecture throughout the centuries.
The castle replaced a smaller and less elegant castle in town, and was constructed as both a fortification and a residence. The choice of construction was a bit outmoded, as artillery was already making fortifications such as this one ineffective.
History[ edit ] Double portcullis gates at Petersberg Citadel , Erfurt Portcullises fortified the entrances to many medieval castles , securely closing off the castle during time of attack or siege. Every portcullis was mounted in vertical grooves in the walls of the castle and could be raised or lowered quickly by means of chains or ropes attached to an internal winch. Often, two portcullises to the main entrance would be used.
The one closer to the inside would be closed first, and then the one farther away. This was used to trap the enemy, and often, burning wood or fire-heated sand would be dropped onto them from the roof or murder-holes. Hot oil , however, was not commonly used in this manner, contrary to popular belief, since oil was extremely expensive.